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Research & Development (R&D) Activity
Showing out of 262 results found
  • Analysis | InfoBrief

    Federally Funded R&D Centers Report 6% Increase in R&D Spending in FY 2021

    Expenditures by Type of R&D

    In FY 2021, basic research activities accounted for 20.1% of total FFRDC R&D expenditures (table 4). The remaining R&D expenditures were divided evenly between applied research and experimental development (39.9% each). Overall, total basic research expenditures at FFRDCs increased by $910 millio...

  • Data Tables | Data Tables (Individual)

    Federally Funded R&D Centers Report 6% Increase in R&D Spending in FY 2021

    R&D expenditures at federally funded research and development centers, by type of R&D: FYs 2017–21

    This InfoBrief provides current data on the United States’ 43 federally funded research and development centers (FFRDCs), privately operated research and development organizations that are exclusively or substantially financed by the federal government. In FY 2021, these FFRDCs spent $24.9 billio...

  • Data Tables | Data Tables (Individual)

    FFRDC Research and Development Survey 2021 | Data Tables

    Total and federally financed R&D expenditures at federally funded research and development centers, by type of R&D and FFRDC: FY 2021

    These tables provide data on R&D expenditures for federally funded research and development centers (FFRDCs). Expenditures data are displayed for individual FFRDCs by source of funding and type of R&D. Data are from the FY 2021 FFRDC Research and Development Survey, by the National Center for Sci...

  • Data Tables | Data Tables (Individual)

    FFRDC Research and Development Survey 2021 | Data Tables

    Total and federally financed R&D expenditures at federally funded research and development centers, by type of R&D: FYs 2001–21

    These tables provide data on R&D expenditures for federally funded research and development centers (FFRDCs). Expenditures data are displayed for individual FFRDCs by source of funding and type of R&D. Data are from the FY 2021 FFRDC Research and Development Survey, by the National Center for Sci...

  • Reference

    Definitions of Research and Development: An Annotated Compilation of Official Sources | I. OECD—Frascati Manual

    Definition

    2.5 Research and experimental development (R&D) comprise creative and systematic work undertaken in order to increase the stock of knowledge—including knowledge of humankind, culture and society—and to devise new applications of available knowledge. 2.6 A set of common features identifies R&D act...

  • Reference

    Definitions of Research and Development: An Annotated Compilation of Official Sources | II. U.S. Business Enterprise R&D

    Definition

    R&D comprise creative and systematic work undertaken in order to increase the stock of knowledge and to devise new applications of available knowledge. This includes (a) activities aimed at acquiring new knowledge or understanding without specific immediate commercial applications or uses (basic ...

  • Reference

    Definitions of Research and Development: An Annotated Compilation of Official Sources | II. U.S. Business Enterprise R&D

    Definition

    Research and development (R&D) comprise creative and systematic work undertaken in order to increase the stock of knowledge and to devise new applications of available knowledge. The term R&D does NOT include expenditures for the following: Costs for routine product testing, quality control, and ...

  • Reference

    Definitions of Research and Development: An Annotated Compilation of Official Sources | III. Federal and State Government R&D

    Definition

    Conduct of research and development (R&D): Research and experimental development activities are defined as creative and systematic work undertaken in order to increase the stock of knowledge—including knowledge of people, culture, and society—and to devise new applications using available knowled...

  • Reference

    Definitions of Research and Development: An Annotated Compilation of Official Sources | III. Federal and State Government R&D

    Definition

    Basic research means that research directed toward increasing knowledge in science. The primary aim of basic research is a fuller knowledge or understanding of the subject under study, rather than any practical application of that knowledge. Applied research means the effort that (a) normally fol...

  • Reference

    Definitions of Research and Development: An Annotated Compilation of Official Sources | III. Federal and State Government R&D

    Definition

    Budget Activity 1, Basic Research. Basic research is systematic study directed toward greater knowledge or understanding of the fundamental aspects of phenomena and of observable facts without specific applications towards processes or products in mind. It includes all scientific study and experi...