Acknowledgments and citation


This report was developed and written by Karen Hamrick, with substantial contributions from Jaquelina Falkenheim, Katherine Hale, and Wan-Ying Chang, all at the National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics (NCSES), National Science Foundation. Overall guidance and direction of the content and presentation of the report were provided by Emilda Rivers, Samson Adeshiyan, and John Finamore, all at NCSES.

Data from the Survey of Earned Doctorates were produced for publication by Kaleen Healy, Ruth Heuer, Saki Kinney, and Dane Korver, all at RTI International. Estimates using the Survey of Doctorate Recipients were produced by Lance A. Selfa, Lisa Setlak, and Christopher Wong, all at NORC at the University of Chicago. Data from the Survey of Graduate Students and Postdoctorates in Science and Engineering were produced by John DeRoche, Peter Einaudi, and Patricia Green, all at RTI International. Estimates using the National Survey of College Graduates were produced by Greg Orlofsky, Census Bureau. Estimates using the Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System and those using the Current Population Survey were produced by John Benskin, Christina Davis, Steve Deitz, and Christina Freyman, all at SRI International. The production of data from the National Survey of College Graduates and the Survey of Doctorate Recipients was performed by Nguyen Tu Tran, DMI, under the direction of Devi Mishra, NCSES. Production of data from NCSES survey programs was done under the supervision of Daniel Foley, Kelly Kang, Lynn Milan, and Michael Yamaner, all at NCSES.

The report was edited and produced by Christine Hamel and Tanya Gore, with guidance from Catherine Corlies, all at NCSES. Drew Mitchell and staff at OmniStudio, Inc., designed the cover and layout. Development of the Web version was guided by Rajinder Raut, NCSES, with technical assistance from staff of Penobscot Bay Media.

Statistical review was provided by Wan-Ying Chang and Darius Singpurwalla, both at NCSES. Valuable comments on the report draft were provided by Gary Anderson, Jaquelina Falkenheim, Mark Fiegener, and Katherine Hale, all at NCSES.

The following colleagues provided data and technical assistance: Tracy Hunt-White, National Center for Education Statistics; Eulus S. Moore, Office of Personnel Management; Emy Sok, Bureau of Labor Statistics; and Timothy Parker, Economic Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture.

Suggested citation

National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics. 2019. Women, Minorities, and Persons with Disabilities in Science and Engineering: 2019. Special Report NSF 19-304. Alexandria, VA. Available at