Acknowledgments and Citation


The National Science Board (NSB) extends its appreciation to the staff of the National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics (NCSES) within the National Science Foundation and to the many others, too numerous to list individually, who contributed to the preparation of this report. 

This report was produced under the leadership of Emilda B. Rivers, Director, NCSES; Christina Freyman, Deputy Director, NCSES; and John Finamore, Chief Statistician, NCSES. The report benefited from extensive contributions from NCSES staff, including Christina Freyman and Amy Burke. Alexandria Hughes provided advice on statistical issues. Clara Boothby (Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Engineering) also provided subject-matter expertise and drafting support.

RTI International assisted with report preparation under the leadership of Dr. Susan Rotermund. Alison Bean de Hernandez and Dr. Adams Bailey performed analyses and generated visualizations from the publications data. Robin Henke led the work on data quality assurance; August Gering led the editing team, with composition support from Alex Cone. Rossana Zetina-Beale and Deborah Kulik provided project management support. Staff at Penobscot Bay Media, LLC (PenBay Media), created the report site. The following persons and agencies reviewed this report:

James Dunham, Georgetown University

Francis Narin, CHI Research (Retired)

National Institutes of Health

National Science Foundation

Office of Science and Technology Policy 

NSB is especially grateful to the Committee on National Science and Engineering Policy for overseeing preparation of the volume and to the National Science Board Office, under the direction of John Veysey, which provided vital coordination throughout the project. Nadine Lymn led the outreach and dissemination efforts. Amanda Vernon served as Board Office Liaison to the committee. Carol Robbins, Steve Deitz, May Aydin, and Anne Emig were the Executive Secretaries. 


National Science Board, National Science Foundation. 2023. Publications Output: U.S. Trends and International Comparisons. Science and Engineering Indicators 2024. NSB-2023-33. Alexandria, VA. Available at