Acknowledgments and Citation


The National Science Board extends its appreciation to the staff of the National Science Foundation (NSF) and to the many others, too numerous to list individually, who contributed to the preparation of this report.

Beethika Khan, Program Director, Science and Engineering Indicators Program of the National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics (NCSES), had primary responsibility for the report under the leadership of Emilda B. Rivers, Director, NCSES; and Arthur W. Lupia, Assistant Director of the Social, Behavioral and Economic Sciences Directorate.

The report benefited from extensive contributions from NCSES staff. Rebecca Morrison, with NCSES, provided advice on statistical issues. Carol Robbins and Karen White served in administrative roles.

May Aydin, Catherine Corlies, and Rajinder Raut coordinated the report’s publication process and managed the development of its digital platform. Christine Hamel and Tanya Gore conducted editorial and composition review.

SRI International, Center for Innovation Strategy and Policy, assisted with report preparation. RTI International provided editing services. Staff at Penobscot Bay Media, LLC (PenBay Media), created the report site. The following persons and agencies reviewed this report:

Sharon Lynch, George Washington University

Michael O. Martin, Boston College

Gail Mulligan, National Center for Education Statistics

National Science Foundation

Department of Homeland Security

Office of Science and Technology Policy

Bureau of Labor Statistics

The National Science Board is especially grateful to the Committee on National Science and Engineering Policy for overseeing preparation of the volume and to the National Science Board Office, under the direction of John Veysey, which provided vital coordination throughout the project. Nadine Lymn led the outreach and dissemination efforts. Matthew Wilson and Reba Bandyopadhyay served as Board Office Liaisons to the committee. Beethika Khan and Carol Robbins were the Executive Secretaries.


National Science Board, National Science Foundation. 2019. Elementary and Secondary Mathematics and Science Education. Science and Engineering Indicators 2020. NSB-2019-6. Alexandria, VA. Available at